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Architecture – The Development of the Modern Home
September 13, 2018 @ 10:30 am - 4:30 pm
One event on September 13, 2018 at 10:30am
Tutor: Yvonne Dean, Architect and writer
Two-day short course, with the option of doing one or both days. £45 one day, £80 two days. 5 July and 13 September 2018
Against the background of vernacular architecture, the course will look at examples from the modern movement of house designs, and their influence on how we arrange our homes.
DAY 1: THURSDAY 5 JULY 10.30 – 16.30
1 Origins of our ‘current’ Homes and houses
The basic needs of a ‘Home’ deliberately use that word instead of a house. A home implies comfort that fits need. Needs can be described as translating into places for sleeping, eating working and making. What we build is in part influenced by climate and geology.
Existing houses are influenced by tradition and the modern movement. Most new build homes are traditional but are starting to have quite a different spec and are based on experiences of travel where in hotel rooms en-suite bedrooms will be the norm. Architects, like consumers, are inluenced by travel. Corbusier spent time in Morocco, and his houses are a reflection of those simple Mediterranean spaces.
2 Patterning of house types
Simple cottages and Yeoman’s houses, the medieval house, living on an upper level for light and warmth. The folly of converting French and English old houses with damp and dark ground floors. Property development in the cities and the invention of the terrace and the semi-detached house.
Courtyard houses and the concept of sheltered spaces that has never been part of our house culture. Systems of measurement, from the 6th century Manushyalaya Chandrika to Corbusier’s modular (still based on the Golden section 1.618) Body measurement in tailoring- and proportions relating to the body. Japan and Tatami mat systems.
DAY 2: THURSDAY 13 SEPTEMBER 10.30 – 16.30
3 Icons of the Modern Movement
The ‘Modern House’ Plan looking at 1027 by Eileen Gray her background as furniture designer and a practical woman.
Green and Green as proponents of the Arts and Crafts movement. Frank Lloyd Wright and the influence of Japan. The great evolution of the living room with the change in heating appliances. Art Deco Transition-Mallet Stevens and film sets. Bruno Taut and Mendelsohn colour in the Modern movement. The evolution of the kitchen and the American dream. Kitchen as laboratory. Influence of Good Housekeeping books Romance and need. Cottage versus urban living. Tiny houses and cabins in the garden.
4 Expectations and Needs of today
How we live today. The Ideal home exhibition. Grand Designs and how to realise them in miniature. Tiny Houses. The Japanese experience and living in small spaces. Fantasy and Reality. Film and imagery from cartoons and advertising.
Today some of those functions have been re-combined into the ubiquitous kitchen diner/lounge syndrome with need determined by fashion. The rise of the island unit-sometimes crammed unto a small space that doesn’t work for all. En-suite bedrooms are no longer luxury additions but vital for house sales.
As intelligent human beings, our homes are often far from being an ideal form of habitat. How can this be? We live in buildings that are uncomfortable, expensive to heat and maintain and built using patterns that have been popularised by speculators and developers for the last two hundred years. We have better codes or standards of living for animals or plants. Earlier houses or homes could have been healthier by giving us greater exposure to light and air.
What is missing? Concept of the interzone-the seasonal house French Architects Jourda Perraudin. Health and environment.