Architecture

TWO-DAY SHORT COURSES   

The Development of the Modern Home

Against the background of vernacular architecture, this short course will look at examples from the modern movement of house designs, and their influence on how we arrange our homes.

Icons of the Modern Movement – looking at the ‘Modern House’ Plan at 1027 by Eileen Gray, exploring her background as furniture designer and a practical woman.
How we live today. The Ideal home exhibition. Grand Designs and how to realise them in miniature. Tiny Houses. The Japanese experience and living in small spaces. Fantasy and Reality. Film and imagery from cartoons and advertising.

Tutor:    Yvonne Dean

Time:    10.30am to 4.30pm

Dates:   5th July 2018 and 13th Sept 2018

Venue:  Gosling Room

Fees:    £45 one day/£80 both days

DAY 1: THURSDAY 5 JULY 10.30 – 16.30
Origins of our ‘current’ Homes and houses

The basic needs of a ‘Home’ – deliberate use of that word instead of a house. A home implies comfort that fits need. Needs can be described as translating into places for sleeping, eating working and making. What we build is in part influenced by climate and geology.

Existing houses are influenced by tradition and the modern movement. Most new build homes are traditional but are starting to have quite a different spec and are based on experiences of travel where in hotel rooms en-suite bedrooms will be the norm. Architects, like consumers, are influenced by travel. Corbusier spent time in Morocco, and his houses are a reflection of those simple Mediterranean spaces.

Patterning of house types

Simple cottages and Yeoman’s houses, the medieval house, living on an upper level for light and warmth. The folly of converting French and English old houses with damp and dark ground floors. Property development in the cities and the invention of the terrace and the semi-detached house.

Courtyard houses and the concept of sheltered spaces that has never been part of our house culture.  Systems of measurement, from the 6th century Manushyalaya Chandrika to Corbusier’s modular (still based on the Golden section 1.618). Body measurement in tailoring, and proportions relating to the body. Japan and Tatami mat systems.

DAY 2: THURSDAY 13 SEPTEMBER 10.30 – 16.30
Icons of the Modern Movement

The ‘Modern House’ Plan looking at 1027 by Eileen Gray, her background as furniture designer and a practical woman.

Green and Green as proponents of the Arts and Crafts movement. Frank Lloyd Wright and the influence of Japan. The great evolution of the living room with the change in heating appliances.

 Art Deco Transition – Mallet Stevens and film sets. Bruno Taut and Mendelsohn colour in the Modern movement. The evolution of the kitchen and the American dream. Kitchen as laboratory. Influence of Good Housekeeping books.  Romance and need. Cottage versus urban living. Tiny houses and cabins in the garden.

Expectations and Needs of today

How we live today. The Ideal home exhibition. Grand Designs and how to realise them in miniature. Tiny Houses. The Japanese experience and living in small spaces. Fantasy and Reality. Film and imagery from cartoons and advertising.

The overview

Today some of those functions have been re-combined into the ubiquitous kitchen diner/lounge syndrome with need determined by fashion. The rise of the island unit – sometimes crammed into a small space that doesn’t work for all. En-suite bedrooms are no longer luxury additions but vital for house sales.

As intelligent human beings, our homes are often far from being an ideal form of habitat. How can this be? We live in buildings that are uncomfortable, expensive to heat and maintain and built using patterns that have been popularised by speculators and developers for the last two hundred years. We have better codes or standards of living for animals or plants. Earlier houses or homes could have been healthier by giving us greater exposure to light and air.

What is missing? Concept of the interzone – the seasonal house.  French Architects Jourda Perraudin. Health and environment.