History

A Satire of Tulip Mania by Jan Brueghel the Younger (ca. 1640) depicts speculators as brainless monkeys in contemporary upper-class dress. In a commentary on the economic folly, one monkey urinates on the previously valuable plants, others appear in debtor's court and one is carried to the grave.

A Satire of Tulip Mania by Jan Brueghel the Younger (ca. 1640) depicts speculators as brainless monkeys in contemporary upper-class dress. In a commentary on the economic folly, one monkey urinates on the previously valuable plants, others appear in debtor's court and one is carried to the grave.

History

Conflict, Commerce, and Certainty: Europe and the Mediterranean World, 1600-1699

The course will explore the social and cultural basis of 17th-century civilisation in Europe and the Mediterranean world from 1600 to 1699. Drawing on archaeological evidence, historical and literary texts, architecture and the visual arts, it will look at the complex and shifting relationships between the present and the past in the definition and transformation of national, cultural, and religious identities. Topics covered range from Dutch tulip mania, architecture in the Ottoman Empire, the British Restoration, and Scandinavia in the 17th century, to Jewish lives in Europe, the revolution in landscape gardening and early ideas about collecting and museums.

Tutor: Mark Patton
Time: Tuesdays 10.30am – 12.30pm
Dates: Autumn term 2018: Sept 18 – Dec 11 (half term w/c Oct 22)
Spring term 2019: Jan 8 – April 2 (half term w/c Feb 18)
Summer term 2019: April 30 – May 21

Time: Fridays 2.30pm – 4.30pm
Dates: Autumn term 2018: Sept 21 – Dec 14 (half term w/c Oct 22)
Spring term 2019: Jan 11 – April 5 (half term w/c Feb 18)
Summer term 2019: May 3 – May 24

Venue: Gosling Room
Fees: £124 for a 12-week term
£41 for a 4-week summer term


Autumn Term.

Week 1 The Cusp of a New Age: The World in 1600.
Week 2 ‘The Dutch Miracle’: Religion, Politics, and Art in the United Netherlands.
Week 3 The Appreciation of Flowers: and ‘Tulip Mania’.
Week 4 Europe’s Tragedy: The Thirty Years War and its Consequences.
Week 5 Visit to the Victoria and Albert Museum.
Week 6 The Birth of a Dynasty: Russia and the Romanovs.
Week 7 ‘All Kings and All Their Favourites’: Religion and Literature in Jacobean Britain.
Week 8 ‘Relentless War’: The Papacy and the Counter-Reformation in the 17th Century.
Week 9 ‘In the Blink of an Eye’: The Rise and Decline of Hapsburg Spain.
Week 10 ‘To Kill a King’: The Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
Week 11 Revolution and Dissent: Radicalism in British Politics and Religion.
Week 12 The Character of a Nation: Politics and Literature of the British Restoration.


Spring Term.

Week 1 Absolutism and Enlightenment: The French Grand Siècle.
Week 2 The Hierarchy of Genres: The Changing Canon of Art in 17th-Century Europe.
Week 3 Visit to the National Gallery.
Week 4 Expansion and Transformation: The Ottoman Empire and the Muslim World in the 17th Century.
Week 5 Incipient Empires: Scandinavia in the 17th Century.
Week 6 The Commercial Revolution: Stock Exchanges and the East India Companies.
Week 7 Europe and the Other: Representations of the New World in 17th Century Art and Literature.
Week 8 Theories of Knowledge: Rationalism and Empiricism in European Philosophy.
Week 9 The Ghetto and Beyond: Jewish Lives in the 17th Century.
Week 10. Approaching the Infinite: The Mathematical Revolution.
Week 11 Imagined and Constructed Landscapes: The Representation and Transformation of Nature in 17th-Century Painting and Gardening.
Week 12 Collecting the World: ‘Cabinets of Curiosity’ and the Idea of the Museum.


Summer Term.

Week 1 Drama in Music: The Origins of Opera.
Week 2 Visit to The Queen’s House.
Week 3 The Triumph of Ornament: Ideas of the Baroque.
Week 4 Conflict, Commerce, and Certainty: The Biographies of Ideas.

Reading List

None of these is essential to the course: they are simply introductions to some of the themes that we will be exploring.

F. Braudel The Perspective of the World. (1992)
T. Brook Vermeer’s Hat: The Seventeenth Century and the Dawn of the Global World. (2008)
S.N. Faroqhi (ed) The Later Ottoman Empire, 1603-1839. (2006)
A. Gottlieb The Dream of Enlightenment: The Rise of Modern Philosophy. (2017)
A.C. Grayling The Age of Genius: The Seventeenth Century and the Birth of the Modern Mind. (2016)
L. Jardine Ingenious Pursuits: Building the Scientific Revolution. (1999)
E. Leroy Ladurie The Ancien Regime: A History of France 1610-1774. (1999)
P. Miller Peiresc’s Europe: Learning and Virtue in the Seventeenth Century. (2000)
T. Munck Seventeenth Century Europe: State, Conflict, and the Social Order in Europe,1598-1700. (2005)
S. Schama The Embarrassment of Riches: An Interpretation of Dutch Culture in the Golden Age. (2004)
A. Woolrych Britain in Revolution: 1625-1660. (2002)
D. Wootton The Invention of Science: A New History of the Scientific Revolution. (2016)